Category “Bio Fuel”

Angola, U.S Cooperation Might Cover Agriculture and Energy

Luanda — The bilateral cooperation between Angola and US currently almost confined to diplomacy and oil might expand to other levels like those of agriculture, energy and technology.

This was said Monday in Luanda by the US secretary of State, John Kerry. The US secretary of State was assessing his one-day official visit to Angola, following a tour of some African countries that included Ethiopia, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

He reaffirmed the importance of the partnership between the two countries that, according to him, is on a rising trend. The diplomat said that Angola was an important US partner within a cooperation recording a rising trend.

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Tanzania: Biogas Project Benefits Smallholder Farmers

AN affordable, easy-to-use system that converts livestock waste into energy (biogas) has helped Tanzanian smallholder farmers spend less on fuel and yield better crops.

The system, known as GesiShamba (Farm Gas), uses manure and organic waste to produce gas for cooking, while its effluent is used as an organic fertiliser, boosting crop production.

According to Mr Tayeb Noorbhai, the Business Development Manager at SimGasTanzania Ltd, GesiShamba is one of 23 innovations selected out of 800 projects world-wide and now stands the chance of winning a global innovation award.

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South African biofuels boom waits on paperwork

Seven years after a government feasibility study showed a biofuels industry in South Africa could create tens of thousands of new jobs, the paperwork needed to establish it remains outstanding.

Briefing MPs, the energy department’s chief director for clean energy, Mokgadi Modise, said the original target of producing 400 million litres of biofuels a year, from the 2013 financial year on, “will be missed”.

However, the country was set to produce biofuels “in excess of the originally-set annual target when the overall enabling and supporting framework… takes effect”.

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Nigeria: Biotechnology Can Improve Cassava Nutrient

Cassava, one of the most staple foods in Nigeria, has low nutritional content, but this can be improved using biotechnology, a modern approach in improving agricultural yield. Chinyere Amalu, in this piece, examines the issue.

In many countries, economic growth and sustainability depend on the strong performance of the agricultural sector. Biotechnology which has proved to be one of the modern tools of improving agricultural yields, when combined with the science of breeding, has produced varieties that deliver increased value globally.

Application of some scientific processes (like biotechnology) has in recent times helped in improving nutritional content of some stable foods such as cassava, maize and rice, which about 70 percent of the African populace, including Nigeria, depends for survival on daily basis.

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Cameroon – Heifer to Pilot Pig Manure Biogas Project

CAMEROON – Heifer International, an international integrated animal-agriculture development organisation, is to pilot a biogas production project in the country using pig manure.

Speaking to Cameroon Tribune recently in Yaounde, the Country Director, Dr Njakoi Henry, said the experiment will be conducted in the South West and Littoral Regions where there are large concentrations of pig farmers who are located close to the market in Douala.

“Producing biogas using pig manure is quite challenging because you need much of it to supply biogas digesters. It has worked well with poultry and dairy cow manure, and we now want to try pig manure,” said the Heifer International Cameroon boss. He however, pointed out that appropriate dimensions of biogas digesters have to be determined in order to ensure the success of the project.

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Africa: Biosafety Protocol – Ten Years on and Lagging Far Behind

Following a meeting in Japan between members of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, Mariam Mayet says there ‘is a huge disconnect between the rather timid, insipid and potentially dated work of the Protocol and the huge biosafety challenges presented on the domestic level in many countries’.

Ten years after the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (Biosafety Protocol) was adopted, the Parties to the Protocol met in Nagoya Japan between 11 – 15 October 2010 to adopt a new treaty, the ‘Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety’ (Supplementary Protocol).

This new treaty will need to be ratified by at least 40 parties to the Biosafety Protocol before it can come into effect. Its consequent implementation will take place within the overall framework of the Biosafety Protocol in an integrated manner.

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Kenya: Pilot Project Targeting Small-Scale Farmers to Develop Biogas Systems

Small-scale dairy farmers are set to benefit from a piloting project that seeks to develop 8,000 domestic biogas plants in rural areas. The five year programme is aimed at strengthening Kenya’s biogas sector into a viable market through financial and technical upgrades.

Kenya has the potential to sustain about 4,923 biogas units for every district – making a total of 172,312 biogas units in 35 technically stable districts.

Kenya National Federation of Agricultural Producers said biogas, apart from being used as a source of energy, also produces digested biomass which is an environmentally-improved and more efficient fertilizer compared to raw manure.

Farmers can maximize their crops’ uptake of nitrogen by spreading digested livestock manure onto fields during the growing season. The decomposition process in the biogas plants turns soil nutrients into food which the crops can take up more easily. The digested biomass can be separated into a fibre portion and a liquid portion (slurry).

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